[internet] What is Internet and How it Works? Internet full detail

What is Internet and How it Works? 

What is Internet and How it Works? 

1. The Internet is the most modern system of information technology. You can call the Internet a world-class group of different computer networks. Thousands and millions of computers in this network are connected to each other.

2. The computer is usually connected to the Internet via a telephone line. But apart from this, there are many more. In which the computer can connect to the internet.

3. The Internet is not under any single company or government, but it has many servers connected to it, which belong to different institutions or private companies. Some popular internet services like a gopher, file transfer protocol, world wide web are used to get information on the internet.

4. We can call the Internet as the medium of advertising worldwide. These are the easiest and cheapest means of conducting a global survey about a product. It is a very useful tool for displaying various information such as reports, articles, computers, etc.

5. Internet client is based on server architecture in which your computer or mobile which is using the information on the internet is called the client and where this information is kept safe we ​​call them server, click here to read more about it.

6. Usually, we use Web Browser to view the information on the Internet, these are client programs and are able to communicate with hypertext documents and display them. You can use various services available on the Internet by using a web browser.

History of Internet:

Originally the Internet was used for the US military. During the Cold War, the American Army wanted a good, large, reliable communications service. In 1969, a network called ARPANET was created by connecting four computers, then the progress of the Internet started correctly.

  1. By 1972, the number of computers connected to it had increased to 37. By 1973, it had expanded to England and Norway
  2. In 1974, the Arpanet was used as a general logo, known as Telnet. Common rules for networks were made in 1982, these are called protocols. These protocols were known as TCP / IP (Transmission control protocol / Internet Protocol). 
  3. In 1990, Arpanet was scrapped and the Internet remained as a Network of Networks. Currently, millions or millions of computers are connected to each other through the internet. (VSNL) Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited provides network services for the Internet in India.
  4. For the first time, a project called ARPANET was started for the Internet. It was developed by the American defense department in 1969 under the name Advance Research Project Agency Network.
ARPANET was designed to send messages between the war in secret.
  • In 1972, Retamolins sent an email message for the first time. In this way, the use of email messages kept increasing. In this way, this network became very popular.
  • After this, for the first time in 1979, it was used as a technology in the British Post Office.
  • By the time of 1984, 1000 computers were connected to this network.
  • Now it started to happen that it started being used in other sectors as well and its network went on spreading.
  • Then in 1986, the Internet was named NSFNET. And it proved its importance in the whole world.

India Launches Internet:

The first year in India, internet service was started by Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) on 15 August 1995.
  • The Internet was started in India with the launch of ERNET (Educational Research Network) in 1986. But this facility was only for the educational and research community.
  • This service was publically launched by VSNL in 1995.
  • In 1996, the first email site in India was named Rediffmail.
  • If we talk about the net cafĂ©, then in 1996, Mumbai's first net cafe was lost.
  • In 1997 a site named naukari.com was created. You must have known about its popularity.
  • In the 2000s big websites like Amazon India, MSN, Yahoo started.
  • In 2001, the online train website named irctc.in was released from the Indian Railways Department.

Advantages of Internet:

Online Bill 

With the help of the internet, we can easily pay all our bills sitting at home. With the help of credit cards or net banking on the internet, we can pay all the bills of electricity, telephone, DTH, or online shopping in a few minutes.

Send and receive information

Even if you are sitting in any corner of the world, you can send and receive many types of information or information from one place to another in a few seconds. Today, voice calls, voice messages, email, video calls can be made on the Internet, and companions can also send various types of files.

Online office

There are some big companies that allow their employees to work from home via the Internet. There are many companies related to online marketing and communication whose employees do marketing work through the internet at their home, laptop, and mobile phone.

Online Shopping

Now people do not even need to go to the shop again and again because now you can shop online with the help of the internet from home and buy goods at cheap prices without any bargaining. With the help of an online shopping website, today you can not only buy goods but if you want, you can also send gifts to your family and relatives.

Business promotion

As we know, now the Internet has made its way into the house. That is why through the internet you can take your business far ahead if you want. All the big companies in the world are taking the help of the internet to take their business further. With the help of online advertising, affiliate marketing, and website, companies all over the world are trying to spread their business across the globe through the Internet.

Online job information and application

Now it has become very easy to get applications and information for jobs. Now you can easily learn about any job with the help of the job portal website sitting at home and can also apply for the job by visiting their website.


Gradually freelancers are increasing on the internet who are making very good money through freelancing. A freelancer means making some money using your skills on the Internet. Today people on the internet are making money sitting at home by creating websites, online surveys, affiliate marketing, blogging, uploading videos to YouTube, and many other ways.


In this modern era, the internet has now become a means of entertainment at home. With the help of the internet, we can listen to songs, watch movies and television. Also, we can chat with our friends online on social media or social networking websites.

Disadvantages of Internet:

Waste of time

For those who use the Internet for their office work and for getting information, the Internet is very beneficial, but for those who somehow make it their habit, it is nothing but a waste of time. We should use the Internet in a timely manner.

Internet is not free

We should take an internet connection only when we need it because almost all the internet providing companies to charge huge internet charges. If you do not need the internet much, you can take a pre-paid internet service with the help of which you can recharge and use the internet whenever you want.

Exploitation and pornography and violent images

The speed of communication on the Internet is very fast. That is why people exploit and take unfair advantage by promoting false propaganda online about any of their enemies or whom they want to discredit. Also, there are many websites on the internet that contain obscene things due to which young children are getting the wrong education.

Identity theft, hacking, viruses, and cheating

Do you know about 50-60% of the companies on which you register your account, sell or misuse your personal information? Some people can also hack your important information with the help of the internet. Recently, there was a Ransomware attack on many computers around the world, in which many people lost crores. There is a risk of viruses coming to our computers and mobile phones through the Internet, so having good antivirus protection is very important.

Spam emails and advertisements

By stealing people's personal information and Email Id from the Internet, many fraudulent companies send false emails from which they defame them. Send only the emails you need. Immediately send or delete unsolicited emails in the list of Spam. Do not buy anything by the email link, always go directly to a big shopping website and buy the same.

Internet Addiction & Health Effects

In the world, he is not addicted to alcohol or anything else for the body. There are many people who do not eat or drink without the internet. The Internet also has many types of bad health effects such as weight gain, pain in the legs and hands, pain and dryness in the eyes, carpal tunnel syndrome, mental stress, back pain, etc.

Who is the owner of Internet?

Now it comes that who owns the Internet or who has a monopoly on the Internet, then there can be two answers to this question.
No one
A lot of people

1. None here means that there is no one owner of the Internet and no country or government or company of any country has any kind of monopoly on the Internet.

2. From another perspective, thousands of people and organizations own the Internet. The Internet consists of many different bits and pieces, each of which has an owner. Some of these owners can control the quality and level of access to the Internet that you have. They may not own the entire system, but they can affect your Internet experience. For example, "Internet service provider companies".

3. Many people have to ask this question. , "Who is the owner of the Internet?" And this is the question that we get. When we recharge the internet pack or data pack in our sim. Whether we use the sim of any network.

4. Whether it is Vodafone, Jio, Airtel, or any other network provider. After recharging, we get this question. That I gave them money. I also got the data as per the package. But, what would this company do to this money, someone would give. Is there a big organization ahead?

5. Who is the owner of Friends Internet? How does the Internet work before knowing this? It has to be explained. For example, right now you are reading this article on techndaily.com from your home mobile or computer.

6. But in fact, this website is hosted in server thousands of kilometers away from your house. Let's say for example. The website's data is hosted on a server of Newyork. But still, the connection between your device and server is added. Due to which you can access any site from anywhere in the world.

7. But there is a lot of people and company contribution in making such a huge net. Like airtel, jio idea, etc. in India Like telecom companies have spread their network. But, how are we able to access the sites of other countries.

8. The rest is also an organization for this. These people have spread cables by way of the sea by applying for their own money. With which net connection was added between two countries. Between them, there is a lot of ISPs (Internet Service Providers).

9. Friends, if you give Jawad in a clear word, there is basically no owner of the Internet. Because this facility is the contribution of a lot of people and companies for the old. Everyone owns the user and provider networks.

10. However, the Internet revolution took place in America. On top of this, big names like amazon, google are associated with the USA. Because of which America is under pressure on the Internet. It would not be wrong to say so.

Internet Access:

Today, the scope of internet usage has become very unlimited. In its initial phase, the scope of the Internet was very limited and it was used only for the exchange of information related to scientific and defense-related work.

But as the common man came into the reach of the internet, the scope of its use continued to increase and today it started being used in unlimited areas and the internet has become an integral part of our life today. Today, the use of the Internet will be used in many things such as:

  • for entertainment
  • For banking
  • To transfer any document via mail
  • To talk to each other
  • Can make new friends
  • can study online
  • You can do shopping at home
  • Can read news
  • You can collect a bill on mobile, electricity, phone.
  • To promote the business.
  • for advertising
  • For any kind of information etc.

How Internet Work Step by Step:

Now the question is, how do we connect with this huge web? Meaning what are the ways of working on the internet? How do computers connect to the internet?

The truth is that computers on the Internet are interconnected, and it is the same as our telephones are interconnected. We have to get an internet connection from 'Internet Service Provider' (Internet Service Provider) to connect our computer to the Internet.

Because ISPs are connected to the Internet. This gives us a way to connect to the Internet. When we get this connection, then we can connect our computer to the Internet. This connection is accessed via Cabel or Wireless on your computer. When we are connected to the Internet, this process is called 'online'.

Types of the Internet Connection:

There are many ways in the market and there are electric devices. Through which internet connection can be run. All such devices are made in different ways.

 Different hardware is used in each of the devices. Due to which the range and speed of everyone are limited. So, let's see the type of Internet connection right now.


A dial-up connection is quite a chip. But it is very slow in terms of speed. We can use it personally and at home. For example, modem and data card, etc. Come This device is connected to the computer by a USB slot. Then dials from the computer network. Then the net connection is established. There are frequent changes in networking. Due to which, there are many changes in speed. On speed, its speed varies from 28kb to 56kb. But it depends. That is, what is your network provider and how is the range in your area.


a Long form of DSL is "Digital Subscriber Line". In this type, 2 lines are used. Because of which, when connected to the network computer, the phone does not shut down. Like dialup from above, there is no need to dial the phone number to connect. The DSL uses a router to transport the range and data. According to plan and service, the speed varies from 128kb to 10mbps.


Wi-Fi comes under the category of wireless. The name itself shows. Of this, no wire and cable would have been used in this connectivity. Any device can be connected to Wi-Fi. It uses radiofrequency technology to give a range.


the satellite takes the internet from the satellite in the orbit of the earth. A signal is vast enough to come from earth to satellite. Thus, this type provides a delayed connection compared to DSL and cable.


Cellular technology provides wireless internet through cell phones. Depends on the network provider, what will be the speed. Mostly today there are users of 3G and 4G. There are 3G ie 3rd generation and 4G ie 4rth generation.

Awesome Internet Facts:

  • About 3.2 billion people use the Internet. Out of this, 1.7 billion internet users are Asian. In fact, it is estimated that around 200 billion emails and 3 billion Google searches will have to wait if the Internet goes down for a day.
  • 30,000 websites are hacked every day. Highly effective computer software programs are used by cybercriminals to automatically detect vulnerable websites that can be easily hacked. 
  • The first webcam was created at the University of Cambridge to monitor the Trojan coffee pot. A live 128 × 128 grayscale video feed of the coffee pot position was provided as feed.
  • The Internet sends around 204 million emails per minute and 70% of all emails sent are spam. 2 billion electrons are required to produce an email.
  • PSY's Gangnam Style is by far the most viewed video of over 2,840,000,000 views. 
  • The first tweet was sent by Jack Dorsey on March 21, 2006
  • Mark Zuckerberg's original Facebook profile number is ID4.
  •  The first YouTube video was uploaded on April 23, 2005. It is called Me at the zoo and includes Javed Karim, one of the founding Karim at the San Diego Zoo.
  •  A Google query uses 1,000 computers in 0.2 seconds to get an answer.
  •  The original Space Jam website is still live.
  •  The Chinese social network Sina Weibo has 280.8 million users.
  • The inventor of the modern worldwide web, Tim Berners-Lee, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
  •  Mr. Berners-Lee uploaded the first image to the Internet. It is a funerary band of women from the nuclear research laboratory CERN.
  • The most searched question with What is in 2013 was What is twerking
  •  The most expensive keyword in Google AdWords is insurance.
  •  The first spam email was sent to ARPNET in 1978 by a man named Gary Thuker. He was selling computers.
  • The first register domain was symbolics.com.

Conclusion and Final Words:

The Internet is very helpful for people, meaning it is very good for people because it can do any work in a few minutes. Through this people can easily communicate with each other from anywhere or with the help of the internet people complete their daily life routine.

Guys, in this post, What is Internet? How it Works? and History of  Internet - And Use of Internet - told about the use of the internet. This post was very long. I hope you have liked this post very much, share this post with your friends and at the same time if you find any error/mistake in this post, please try to tell me.

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